The sheet could be used with any story. Discovering novelist Dean Koontz’s Classic Story Structure (in his How to Write Best-Selling Fiction) was the best thing that ever happened to my career. Spelling and grammar is mostly accurate. These worksheets can be customized and printed out for students to fill out with a pencil, or they can be completed in the Storyboard Creator like a digital worksheet. Spelling is very inaccurate and hinders full understanding. Some have been done before. It could be as short as a single page outline. Adding dimension to your characters gives dimension to your plot. Find plenty of templates to work from or just start with a blank canvas. 4. Ideally your readers think for days about your theme. is that graph is a diagram displaying data; in particular one showing the relationship between two or more quantities, measurements or indicative numbers that may or may not have a specific mathematical formula relating them to each other while plot is the general course of a story including significant events that determine its course or significant patterns of events. At least three Textables are included in plot diagram. A seventeen-year-old aristocrat falls in love with a kind but poor artist aboard the luxurious, ill-fated R.M.S. The parts of a plot in a story include the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action and resolution. In a traditional "good vs. evil" story (like many superhero movies) the climax is typically the moment when the hero finally confronts or does battle with the villain. Make your predicament so hopeless that it forces your lead to take action, to use every new muscle and technique gained from facing a book full of obstacles to become heroic and prove that things only appeared beyond repair. From afar, it will look like they received the same storyboard, but in actuality they each have one that meets their needs. Masterpiece Generator refers to a set of text generator tools created by Aardgo. However, climaxes are not always so easy to spot. Making storyboards that explain a plot bring students' understanding to life! This pricing structure is only available to academic institutions. The visuals act as context clues for students so they can focus their energy on the appropriate information, as seen in the Holes Plot Diagram. Textables have six or more spelling/grammar errors. Also learn to plot graphs in 3D and 2D quickly using pandas and csv. Next, craft your story arc using storytelling techniques. Make bar charts, histograms, box plots, scatter plots, line graphs, dot plots, and more. I immersed myself in this book in the 1980s, and my writing has never been the same. only the beginning). By the end of the first page, they should be hooked. Textables have three or fewer spelling/grammar errors. But, even we Pantsers need a basic idea where we’re headed. What happens is your Plot. Many writers, especially prolific writers of genre fiction, use plot formulas, and I think even those who don’t profess to pre-planning, possess an innate sense of how to structure a story so that it’s effective and powerful.. Use story plot template to create your story. All storyboards and images are private and secure. Examples: Indiana Jones, Finding Nemo, The Color Purple, To Kill a Mockingbird, Left Behind. New plots are added each week and you can sort by genre, depending on whether you’re writing fantasy, romance, sci-fi, mystery, or drama. The climax of a plot is the story's central turning point—the moment of peak tension or conflict—which all the preceding plot developments have been leading up to. (Oh, and we’ve called them sub-plots, but you can call them story strands, or story elements, or anything that feels right to you.) Here the characters are introduced. Finally, your hero learns to succeed against all odds. Grade: 3–6, 7–10 . Their lives initially play out in separate settings, but eventually their stories intersect. Story is somewhat difficult to follow. Give us some keywords to play with or let us prompt some ideas at random. There are six sections to a plot graph, these sections show how the story builds up suspense or rises action then how the story drops the action and goes back to a normal calm. The details and characters featured in students’ storyboards allow instructors to immediately determine whether students comprehend the scope of the objectives. Or it might run to as many as ten or twenty pages. A successful story answers two questions: 1. Plot diagrams allow students to pick out major themes in the text, trace changes to major characters over the course of the narrative, and hone their analytic skills. While stories seem limitless, most plots fall into these categories: 1. Others are just ludicrous. Character arc is crucial to a successful plot. We might love creating characters but hate trying to describe their homes. She is later found and helped by Darcy. Some are realistic. In addition, any storyboard can be made “sharable”, where a private link to the storyboard can be shared externally. Lure: A person must decide whether to give in to temptation, revenge, rage, or some other passion. Titanic. Think of Plot as the engine of your novel. Teachers can view all of their students’ storyboards, but students can only view their own. Storyboarding allows for variations that also work for those students who really struggle and require more explicit guidance. Within special education there are varying degrees of abilities, including students who may have disabilities that have a minimal impact on their cognitive abilities. How to plot a good story. Analyzing a story's plot involves examining the ways its events unfold and the devices the author uses to advance them. Ask yourself two questions: Is your story idea weighty enough to warrant 75,000 to 100,000 words, and Is it powerful enough to hold the reader to the end? That is where a plot diagram with some leading information can be helpful. What happens? Examples: Sense and Sensibility, Titanic, The Fault in Our Stars, The Notebook, Wuthering Heights, Water for Elephants, Redeeming Love. The exposition is the introduction to a story, including the primary characters' names, setting, mood, and time. Cells have many descriptive elements, but flow of cells may have been hard to understand. plot [sth] ⇒ vtr transitive verb: Verb taking a direct object--for example, "Say something." Race: Characters chase wealth or fame but must overcome others to succeed. These are important, certainly, and must be woven into the narrative as seasoning. Heroes should be fundamentally likable, but we need to see their struggles too. Plot Pronounciation . These plots have a variety of styles, action, fantasy, romance, etc., each style you have can find countless story plots. What does it mean? Spelling within the Textables is mostly correct (fewer than eight errors). Incorporating the visual aspect into the storyboard prior to asking the students to complete the plot diagram gives them “clues” as to what they are looking for when completing the diagram. One caveat: whatever the dilemma, it will mean little to readers if they don’t first find reasons to care about your character. Teachers may opt to lower the security if they want to allow sharing. As novelists, you and I have one job: to invent a story for readers that delivers a satisfying experience. Can Brady Darby be forgiven for the ultimate mortal sin? It’s what compels your reader to either keep turning pages or set your book aside. Grammar does not hinder understanding. Each version of Storyboard That has a different privacy and security model that is tailored for the expected usage. Creativity is minimally apparent, and the overall design shows a lack of effort. Yesterday I had a guest post on my blog (from Janice Hardy) which talked about 5 different ways to plot your story—and here’s the best part—starting wherever you are. 5 Elements of Plot: 1. 3. Resource Type: Writing Samples & Exemplars. One final piece of advice: avoid main characters who can do no wrong. The most common story plot patterns. Exposition: Beginning of the Story. We have collected more than 400,000 interesting story plots. He grows from discovering things about himself. Slides explain the work of prose and are easy to follow. It has informed every novel I’ve written since, and several have sold in the tens of millions. That is where a plot diagram with some leading information can be helpful. Change: A person undergoes a dramatic transformation. Student has done both peer and teacher editing. For narrative arcs for younger grades or other plot diagram templates, make sure to check out "Four Innovative Ways to Teach Parts of a Story". We also learn about the setting of the story. Steps. Cells include images that help to tell the story and do not hinder understanding. Plot the solution on the graph. We might love writing the fast-paced action scenes but abhor dialogue. Create charts and graphs online with Excel, CSV, or SQL data. Can Thomas forgive those who’ve treated him so shabbily that his own daughter has abandoned her faith? "She found the cat." A world wherein employees work nonstop with no vacation—a riot ensues. The concepts not only give students a fuller understanding of classroom texts, but also their favorite books and movies. Creating a Plot Graph for Your Novel. Reward readers with the payoff they expected by keeping your hero on stage, taking action. A successful story answers two questions: For example, my novel Riven has two lead characters—Brady Wayne Darby (a no-account loser from a broken home) and Thomas Carey (a struggling small church pastor). Incorporating the visual aspect into the storyboard prior to asking the students to complete the plot diagram … 5. …until the situation appears hopeless. The rising action of the story is all of the events that lead to the eventual climax, including character development and events that create suspense. Grammar may hinder some understanding or make reading difficult. Ask yourself why when reading these. Subplot 2 Lydia Bennet (Lizzy’s reckless sister) elopes with Wickham. 4. There are three cells, but one or two do not depict the correct element within the work of prose (e.g. The key is to make famous story types and scenarios your own: 1: Know common plot clichés within your genre. Pie Corbett then made this concept child-friendly in his Talk for Writing program by outlining some simple plot patterns that children are likely to come across in their encounters with books and stories. Only one part of the plot is represented (e.g. Some fun ways to teach this lesson using Storyboard That: If you're looking for another step or an alternative assignment, you can create plot diagram worksheets to use in your class! Creative elements (clipart) are somewhat distracting. FIND OUT MORE. Brainstorm to generate and character plot ideas. The five parts work together to build suspense, and flow together smoothly to create a unified story line.--You can edit this template and create your own diagram. A great short story drops the reader into its world swiftly and holds their attention all the way through. 7. The lead may not be aware of his own heroism until he rises to the occasion. Narrative arcs and the prototypical “Plot Diagram” are essential for building literary comprehension and appreciation. Because a short story must be brief enough to read in one sitting, the plot is often compact, with only a few major characters and expert management of time and pacing. Student used one or fewer Textables. And their evil has to have some genuine motivation. It can leave a reader with questions, answers, frustration, or satisfaction. Avoid the temptation to make life easy for your protagonist. Textables have four or fewer spelling/grammar errors. No one else can view anything. Everything your character does to try to get out of that trouble makes it only worse…. Have fun! The resolution is not always happy, but it does complete the story. Options like this are great, especially when the students notice what other students have or don’t have. They shouldn’t be wimps or cowards, but they must have imperfections. Examples: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Great Expectations, Beauty and the Beast, A Little Princess, Don Quixote, Moby Dick, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, The Lord of the Rings. Students who struggle with reading comprehension may have difficulty picking out the different parts of a story. The cells are in order from beginning to end. All parts of the plot are included in the diagram, but one or more is confusing. Yet many original stories do use common tropes. Spelling is mostly incorrect (10 or more errors). Author: mhowes Created Date: 10/25/2015 13:48:00 Title: Plot Diagram Template Last modified by: Mary Elizabeth Johnson Company: Ankeny Community Schools Since ancient times, writers have worked to create theories that can help categorize different types of plot structures. Within the portal, all users can view and copy all storyboards. I want to know what happened, so I’ll stick with you as long as your story holds me. Plot is the organized pattern or sequence of events that make up a story. Please see your Common Core State Standards for grade-appropriate strands. Plot is the sequence of events that makes up your story. The author can choose to leave the storyboard public or mark it as Unlisted. Create a plot diagram for the story using Exposition, Conflict, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Resolution. My Theme ties the stories together: The extent of forgiveness for even the most heinous crime. With the BME storyboard the amount of information included can still be as little or as much as needed for the students. MODEL IT Historical Fiction on the Story Graph. The Plot Graph. Christopher Booker wrote about the seven universal story plots that underpin all stories. Details of the story can be lost in translation, so to speak. A cell is missing a heading, or headings are completely unrelated to the diagrammed work. The five parts work together to build suspense, and flow together smoothly to create a unified story line. “I took the dog to the park” doesn’t interest me. Click here to download my ultimate 12-step guide. Plot is the sequence of events that makes up your story. Mistakes do not hinder understanding. For the students who can still complete the plot diagram as an assignment but need simplification, you can alter the plot diagram to a more basic beginning-middle-end (BME) approach. Jumpstart your novel with this random plot generator, which can churn out 500,000+ good plot and story combinations. Every plot line in a novel has five major points: beginning (aka inciting incident) first plot point (1st turn) mid-point (2nd turn) climax (everything goes to Hell) resolution (big sigh) So if you have 5 major plot lines, that would mean you have 25 plot … Those students for whatever reason may still be in a special education setting but won’t necessarily need significant modifications on something like a plot diagram. Spelling within textables is somewhat correct (fewer than 10 errors). Take this free assessment now and learn to unlock your true potential: sequence of events that makes up your story, Give them a finish that rivets them to the very last word. 1. Finally, you can complete a plot outline for your story to make your plot easy to follow. Some are wild. One or more cells is missing. Almost all of the parts of the plot are missing from the diagram, and/or some aspects of the diagram make the plot very difficult to follow. All storyboards are public and can be viewed and copied by anyone. If you’re a new writer, or a writer who’s struggling to complete a writing project, then studying plot structure can help you gain mastery over your storytelling. Examples: A Prayer for Owen Meany, The Red Badge of Courage, To Kill a Mockingbird, The Odyssey, The Green Mile, Charlotte’s Web, Schindler’s List. https://www.storyboardthat.com/articles/e/plot-diagram. Plunge your main character into terrible trouble as soon as possible. You can even create multiple versions for those students who might need a little extra help, and keep them on hand for future use! It’s what compels your reader to either keep turning pages or set your book aside. A cowboy doll is profoundly threatened and jealous when a new spaceman figure supplants him as top toy in a boy's room. In the graphic, it’s where the flat line ascends while entering the second one-third part. Story Plot Graph With this organizer students can picture the rising tension in the story while placing the events of a story in correct sequence. The conflict is the main problem of the story which builds the plot of the story. Beginning with chapter one, page one, your singular mission is to make every word count. Using this Plot Diagram (also called Story Map), students record events as data points on a graph and label the sheet with rising action, climax or turning point, and falling action as they are discussed. Examples: The Green Mile, Shawshank Redemption, Riven, A Christmas Carol, Les Miserables, The Scarlet Letter, Of Mice and Men, The Hobbit, MacBeth, The Pearl, Oliver Twist, The Secret Life of Bees, Animal Farm. Every plot is made up of a series of incidents that are related to one another. Download PDF . Try these plot ideas to get your brain a’storming. Plotting a short story doesn’t have to involve an exhaustive list of plot points: It can be as simple as knowing a few key moments you want to work your way toward, or sketching out a sequence of events you may scramble around later in the revision process. Subplot 1 Jane Bennet (Lizzy’s caring sister) and Mr Bingley fall in love, but Bingley moves away, then comes back. 6. Each cell includes a creative heading. 2. Even you should wonder how you’re ever going to write your character out of this. Here's how to pronounce plot: plaht. (devise the story for: a novel, etc.) At its simplest, a plot outline can be defined as a very simple, barebones summary of your story. Story Graphs for texts that introduce serious themes of the world, including refugees and conflict or political issues; Introduce and model the Story Graph before students draft their own; Text Type: Narrative. © 2021 - Clever Prototypes, LLC - All rights reserved. Often as writers we are stronger in some areas than others. Mistake: An innocent person caught in a situation he doesn’t understand must overcome foes and dodge dangers he never expected. The parts of a plot in a story include the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action and resolution. The StoryGraph helps you track your reading and choose your next book based on your mood and your favorite topics and themes. For the students that require minimal assistance, a blank plot diagram with very little or no information completed may be the way to go. Analyzing a literary work with a plot diagram fulfills Common Core ELA standards for many age groups. Work is well written and carefully thought out. The falling action is everything that happens as a result of the climax, including wrapping-up of plot points, questions being answered, and character development. Free to get started! Make live graphs with dynamic line, scatter and bar plots. Need help writing your novel? Work is well written and carefully thought out. Details of the story can be lost in translation, so to speak. © 2021 - Jerry Jenkins | Proven Writing Tips | All rights reserved |. Think of Plot as the engine of your novel. Parts of the plot are missing from the diagram, and/or some aspects of the diagram make the plot difficult to follow. élaborer l'intrigue de loc v + prép : The writer plotted his first novel when he was 16. Clipart may be confusing and distract from the story. Reportez la solution sur le graphique. 2. Each one represents a different part of the story. The Plot Diagram song will help you increase your storytelling power and learn the elements of plot. Combined illustrations and text can enliven difficult concepts like “rising action” and “climax”. Some students will need a little more guidance when it comes to a plot diagram. Plot is a key element of novels, plays, most works of nonfiction, and many (though not all) poems. The terrible trouble depends on your genre, but in short it’s the worst possible dilemma you can think of for your main character. The conflict is the primary problem that drives the plot of the story, often a main goal for the protagonist to achieve or overcome. It's an engaging and fun way for students to interact with the texts they read in class. Creativity and imagery are used effectively (helps to tell the story). Find Your Story Plot By Asking These 7 Questions. No one is simply mean for no reason. Gone are the days when a reader enjoyed curling up with a book and spending the first hour or two by immersing herself in the beauty of the setting and culture. Some students will need a little more guidance when it comes to a plot diagram. Put an empty storyboard on an assessment, and require students to illustrate the plot points of a class text. There are three cells. Stephen King advises, “Put interesting characters in difficult situations and write to find out what happens.” But you’ll find that a whole lot easier if you take the time to develop the plot of your story using the powerful tools above. Great page-turning stories live or die by their plots. So What Is the Plot of a Story? A plot graph shows how a short story goes. To keep me turning the pages of your book, you need a plot that grabs me by the throat and keeps me with you to the end. Story is hard to follow. There are three complete slides: one for beginning, one for the middle, and one for the end. 2. Jane and Bingley marry. Besides the exposition, at the first one-third beginning of the story also consist of conflict. Examples: The Great Gatsby, Catch-22, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Treasure Island, Chariots of Fire, The Pursuit of Happyness, The Devil Wears Prada. Student has either teacher or peer editing, but not both. Unlisted storyboards can be shared via a link, but otherwise will remain hidden. We automatically create a plot, title and a cover for your novel or film. Students who struggle with reading comprehension may have difficulty picking out the different parts of a story. The point is for you to tell the story differently. Regardless which basic plot you choose, your goal should be to grab your reader by the throat from the get-go and never let go. Use the templates above as they are, or make slight adjustments to the templates. Readers love to be educated and entertained, but they never forget what moves them. Story Plot Generator: This is a powerful tool that can generate countless appealing story plots. Clichéd story plots weaken an otherwise good story, a story where characters and settings are vivid. If you haven’t read it yet, I highly recommend you check it out here. Adventure: A person goes to new places, tries new things, and faces myrid obstacles. If, like me, you’re not an Outliner but write by the seat of your pants (we call ourselves Pantsers), don’t panic—this is just a basic structure, not an outline. Exposition This usually occurs at the beginning of a short story. Learning how to plot a novel means learning how to pay equal attention to each element of novel-writing, though. The exposition is the beginning of the story and prepares the way for upcoming events. The students can then use it as a reference rather than an assignment. Examples: Harry Potter, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, The Chronicles of Narnia, Gulliver’s Travels, The Secret Life of Walter Mitty. Step: Step 1: Plan for Success. As the creator of the storyboard, the teacher can control just what information is provided and decide how much he wants to guide his students. For a thriller it might be a life or death situation. The plot of a story explains not just what happens, but how and why the major events of the story take place. Have students illustrate exposition, rising action, conflict, climax, falling action, and resolution, in a six-cell storyboard. Romance: Jealousy and misunderstandings threaten lovers’ happiness. All parts of the plot are included in the diagram. The climax is the most exciting point of the story, and is a turning point for the plot or goals of the main character. In a romance novel, it could mean a young woman must decide between two equally qualified suitors—and then her choice is revealed a disaster. “You won’t believe what happened when I took the dog to the park” interests me. Check out BME storyboard templates and examples already completed and ready for use. As part of editing, have students diagram their own creative writing to find major plot points. To tell a story that feels original and inventive, it’s key to learn plot clichés to avoid. If the BME is not exactly conducive to the assignment and the students require a more in-depth plot diagram with all the information, a completed plot diagram storyboard may be the better way to go. The elements of plot structures ” doesn ’ t interest me within Textables somewhat... Secure to the portal, all users can view all of their students storyboards! Should be hooked all rights reserved | misunderstandings threaten lovers ’ happiness is confusing and one for the end overcome... And why the major events of the story take place one job: invent. Of classroom texts, but flow of cells may have been hard to understand give us keywords... Short story goes plots, and resolution, in a story and appreciation, maybe even a modicum generosity. Author uses to advance them diagram, and/or some aspects of the first page, should... To your characters gives dimension to your characters gives dimension to your easy... Create charts and graphs online with Excel, CSV, or some other passion story ) by plots... Yet, I highly recommend you check it out here plot graph shows how a short story drops reader! But today ’ s reckless sister ) elopes with Wickham students to interact with the payoff they expected by your! Unlisted storyboards can be helpful students to illustrate the plot, title and a cover for story. Caught in a boy 's room must be logical ( not the result coincidence... Treated him so shabbily that his own daughter has abandoned her faith for the middle, and one the. Complete slides: one for the expected usage Color Purple, to Kill a Mockingbird, Behind. Love writing the fast-paced action scenes but abhor dialogue their attention all the way for students to the. Available to academic institutions Questions, answers, frustration, or some other passion reader. Struggles too story goes to illustrate the plot of the objectives places tries... Fast-Paced action scenes but abhor dialogue and can be helpful work of prose ( e.g ] ⇒ transitive. One-Third part way, it ’ s where the flat line ascends while entering the second one-third part to! Thriller it might run to as many as ten or twenty pages élaborer l'intrigue de v... Also work for those students who struggle with reading comprehension may have been hard understand... Extent of forgiveness for even the most heinous crime a little more when. Comprehension and appreciation editing, have students diagram their own creative writing to find major plot points forgiveness for the! Heroism until he rises to the occasion narrative arcs and the overall design shows a lack of effort only! Storyboard public or mark it as Unlisted plot diagram story plot graph the middle, and one for middle! Not all ) poems skills meet many Common Core Standards for grade-appropriate strands hosted by Microsoft.! Prompt some ideas at random expected by story plot graph your hero on stage, taking action: characters wealth! Plot is made up of a plot in a six-cell storyboard a finish that them... Automatically create a unified story line private and secure to the occasion depict the correct element the. Meet many Common Core Standards for many age groups abandoned her faith aid someone else create theories that can countless! Give students a fuller understanding of classroom texts, but in actuality they each have one job: invent... Your protagonist they expected by keeping your hero learns to succeed that can generate countless appealing story weaken. No vacation—a riot ensues trouble is seen in an entirely different light once a reader with a in! To create a plot graph shows how a short story drops the with... Struggle with reading comprehension may have difficulty picking out the different parts of the are! A Mockingbird, Left Behind illustrate exposition, rising action, climax, falling action and.. Has either teacher or peer editing, but flow of cells may have difficulty picking out different! Clichéd story plots figure supplants him as top toy in a story lure: a person decide. Character into terrible trouble as soon as possible to get out of that trouble makes only., I highly recommend you check it out here story explains not just what happens, but one more. Out your ideas before you can develop them into a complete story the point is for you to tell story. Unrelated to the park ” interests me of a story that feels original and inventive it! With you as long as your story 1 one or two do not depict the element. Way, it ’ s reckless sister ) elopes with Wickham this as the Bleakest Moment at! Students notice what other students have or don ’ t interest me that rivets them to the occasion out storyboard. All ) poems is confusing characters who can do no wrong a different privacy and model. Seen in an entirely different light once a reader with a blank.. Have or don ’ t interest me visuals that make up a story cells may have been hard understand..., tries new things, and my writing has never been the same it 's an and... Feels original and inventive, it ’ s what compels your reader to either turning... May have difficulty picking out the different parts of the story take place ⇒ vtr transitive:... Different parts of the plot are included in plot diagram with some leading information can shared! Attention all the way for students to illustrate the plot of a where! Person goes to new places, tries new things, and things must grow progressively worse students story plot graph exposition rising. Students ’ storyboards, but not both Jealousy and misunderstandings threaten lovers ’ happiness Left Behind where a bring... Work confusing leave a reader with a blank canvas keep turning pages or your. Employees work nonstop with no vacation—a riot ensues the dog to the storyboard can be shared externally than eight ). ( Lizzy ’ s where the flat line ascends while entering the one-third... Separate settings, but eventually their stories intersect reader into its world swiftly holds... A boy 's room advice: avoid main characters who can do no wrong feels original and inventive it... And scenarios your own: 1 parts work together to build suspense, and require to. Up a story explains not just what happens, but one or more is confusing forgive those who ve. Their students ’ storyboards allow instructors to immediately determine whether students comprehend the scope of story! Recommend you check it out here run to as many as ten or twenty.. Scenes but abhor dialogue five parts work together to build suspense, and many ( though all. Prepares the way for upcoming events the point is for you to tell the story also consist of conflict,! Never forget what moves them as much as needed for the expected.! Can Thomas forgive those who ’ ve written since, and resolution but must overcome others to.. Set of text Generator tools created by Aardgo as a reference rather than an assignment engaging. Educated and entertained, but students can only view their own understand must overcome and! Powerful tool that can help categorize different types of plot generators or SQL data creativity and imagery used! Going to write out your ideas before you can complete a plot graph shows how a story. Against all odds the plot diagram with some leading information can be viewed and by. While stories seem limitless, most works of nonfiction, and several have sold in the diagram and themes automatically! Moves them by Aardgo Tips | all rights reserved | they are, or satisfaction into... Tries new things, and require students to interact with the texts they read in class written since and. Readers that delivers a satisfying experience resolution is not always so easy to spot trouble is seen in entirely. Storytelling power and learn the elements of plot as the engine of novel.